National Council of Teachers for Mathematics NCTM proposed these five goals to cover the idea of mathematical literacy for students:
- Learning to value mathematics: Understanding its evolution and its role in society and the sciences.
- Becoming confident of one’s own ability: Coming to trust one’s own mathematical thinking, and having the ability to make sense of situations and solve problems.
- Becoming a mathematical problem solver: Essential to becoming a productive citizen, which requires experience in a variety of extended and non-routine problems.
- Learning to communicate mathematically: Learning the signs, symbols, and terms of mathematics.
- Learning to reason mathematically: Making conjectures, gathering evidence, and building mathematical arguments.
National Council of Teachers of Mathematics. Commission on Standards for School Mathematics. (1989). Curriculum and evaluation standards for school mathematics. Natl Council of Teachers of.